Germany, or officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central Europe. North of the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea; east of Poland and the Czech Republic; south of Austria and Switzerland; and west of France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and is located within the temperate climate zone. With a population of over 81.5 million, it is the largest country in the European Union. Germany is the second largest immigrant country in the world after the United States.
How to Get German Citizenship
In Germany, which had a different approach to dual citizenship in Europe, as of the year 2000, dual citizenship was not accepted under the “Option Model vatandaş in the citizenship law, and children of foreign parents born in Germany had to choose between German citizenship and Turkish citizenship when they reached 23 years of age. they left. However, on 3 July 2014, it was decided to change the citizenship law regarding the Option Model.
With this amendment to the citizenship requirements, the children of foreign parents born in Germany were entitled to a second passport in some cases. Foreign children who were born in Germany and lived in Germany for the last 8 years until the age of 21, who went to school in Germany for 6 years or received vocational training are able to become dual citizens.
However, dual citizenship is not granted to those who are German citizens through the adaptation process and it is necessary to withdraw from Turkish citizenship. For this, it is necessary to have lived in Germany for 6-8 years.
Acquisition of German Citizenship by Birth
The child, one of his parents, is a German citizen.
Furthermore, in accordance with the legislation that came into force on 1 January 2000, the children of foreign parents born in Germany have been living permanently and legally in Germany for at least eight years when a mother or father is born, and have the right to reside or at least three years. If they have a residence permit for an indefinite period of time, they obtain ex officio German citizenship. From birth, these children become German citizens with all their rights and duties.
Acquisition of German citizenship by election
According to the principle of birth, people who are German, but also have the citizenship of their parents, must be one of these citizenship until the age of 23 after the age of majority:
Those who declare that they wish to maintain their foreign citizenship or who do not make any preference until the age of 23 will lose German citizenship.
Those who decide German citizenship must prove that they have withdrawn from other citizenship by the age of 23.
More than one citizenship may be accepted if it is impossible to withdraw from other citizenship or if it causes serious problems. In this case, until the age of 21 at the latest, it is still necessary to apply for a nationality protection permit, even if it is not yet known whether the deprivation process will succeed.
The authorities will inform young people about the optionspflicht when they reach adulthood.
Acquisition of German Citizenship by the Aliens Act
The Citizenship Reform Act came into force on 1 January 2000 in Germany. The right of any foreigner to become a German citizen under this law has been revised.
According to the law, foreigners over 16 years of age may apply for citizenship if they meet certain conditions.
To be legally resident in Germany for at least 8 years in order to make an application, to have a residence permit at the time of application, to have sufficient knowledge of German, to know the basic information about the social order and legal rules of Germany, to have a clean criminal record, without subsidies are important conditions.
Knowledge of German is checked by testing. In terms of livelihood, those under 23 years of age are excluded, ie the income status of these persons will not be considered.
In order to become a citizen by law, it is also necessary to sign a document of adherence to the constitutional order and to take care not to act contrary to this constitution. Those who have been deported under this law will not be entitled to citizenship in this way.
The person requesting German citizenship must be deprived of the nationality of the other country by the day of application and be able to certify it. The applicant’s minor children and his / her spouse are considered German citizens in Germany without having to fill the 8-year term.
Acquiring German Citizenship through Appreciation
An immigrant who is unable to benefit from the facilitated citizenship provisions of the Aliens Act for any reason can become a German citizen under Article 8 of the Citizenship Act if he / she meets the following conditions. The legally required residence time differs for some foreign groups: